The variety of the landscape in South Tyrol is matched by its diverse grape varieties, which are the result the extraordinary interplay of climate and soil conditions in the most varied microclimates.
In fact, three important grape varieties originated in South Tyrol: Schiava, the typical South Tyrolean red wine that is the most widespread; Gewürztraminer, which is known throughout the world; and Lagrein, a South Tyrolean wine with international appeal.
The Pergola trellis continues to be the classic vine training form in South Tyrol’s vineyard landscape, especially in slope areas.
With new plantings, however, the distance between plants today is such that optimal sunshine, ventilation, and handling are possible.
With all varieties except for Vernatsch, more and more wire frame (Guyot) trellises are being used in the plains and in mildly sloping areas.
More economical construction, lower handling expenditures, good yields, and, at times, higher quality with the correct distances between rows and measures of care are spurring more and more winegrowers to change their vineyards over to this new system.
Approximately half of the production is dedicated to white grape varieties and half to red grape varieties:
White varieties (58%):
Chardonnay (13%), Pinot Grigio (12%), Pinot Bianco (5 %), Sauvignon (7 %),
Gewürztraminer (12 %), Müller Thurgau (7%), Kerner (1%), Moscato Giallo (1%)
Red varieties (42 %):
Schiava (12 %), Lagrein (12 %), Pinot Nero (8 %), Merlot (5%), Cabernet (5%)